Towards the south of Calcutta, the rivers Ganga and Hoogly divide itself into many distributaries. The speed of water is reduced and the river deposits its silt just as it is about to merge into the sea. In due course, the accumulated silt takes the wildlifeshape of islands on the mouth of the rivers. These are the famous Gangetic deltas. They provide an ideal atmosphere and environment for the Sundari trees to grow. Spread over an area of almost 10,000 sq kms (now shared by Bangladesh and India), the Sunderbans are home to many exquisite animals and birds. The Indian Government has declared this 1330 sq kms of area as a national park.
Once this area was a paradise for tiger hunters. But the rapid fall in the Royal Bengal Tiger population forced the government to declare tiger poaching as illegal and the area came under the Project Tiger. Tigers in Sunderbans is known to swim a record distance of 10 kms. They also hunt fish if hungry or steal honey from the bee hives. Though Sunderban tigers are described as man-eaters, specialists say they rarely attack human beings. Tigers are not the only attraction in Sunderbans, there are estuarine crocodiles and shy jungle cats or the fishing cats. The reptiles found in the forest includes the King Cobra, Rock Python and Water Monitor.
Wildlife of Sunderbans
The Sunderbans forest is home to more than 250 tigers. The Bengal Tigers have adapted themselves very well to the saline and aqua environs and are extremely good swimmers. As you enter the adventurous wild land of the Sunderbans you'll be thrilled to see the chital deer and rhesus monkey. The aqua fauna of Sunderbans include a variety of fishes, red fiddler crabs and hermit crabs.There are crocodiles, which can be often seen along the mud banks. Sunderbans National Park is also noted for its conservation of the Ridley Sea Turtle. There is an incredible variety of reptiles also found in Sundarbans, which includes king cobra, rock python and water monitor. The endangered river Terrapin, Batagur baska is found on the Mechua Beach, while the Barking Deer is found only in Holiday Island in Sunderbans.
The Sundarban National Park is a tiger and biosphere reserve located in the Sundarbans delta in the state of West Bengal (India). The Sundarbans is named after the Sundari trees which are found in bulk in this area. The park was established as a national park on 4th May 1984 as earlier it was created as wildlife sanctuary in 1977, designated as the core area of Sunderbans Tiger Reserve.
The land of tigers called "The Sunderbans National Park" extends in an area of approximately 1,355 Kms. The most preferable time to visit this park is in the month of September and May. If you visit in winter months you could see the sun-bathing on the river banks of amazing and powerful Royal Bengal Tigers. Apart from Bengal Tiger other chief wild life species present in this park are Macaques, Indian Grey Mongoose, Leopard Cats, Ridley Sea Turtle, Wild Boar, Jungle Cat, Fox, Flying Fox, Fishing Cats, Chital, Pangolin and a lot others.
Travelling to Sundarbans which is a place of incredible natural beauty and mangrove habitat, surely it will bring you close to the nature. Ample of things are there to make your trip memorable. Gliding crosswise the river in the boats takes you to the nature walk as you see varied cultural adventures and close encounter with the tigers has enough to make your eye-catching memories. The serene ambiance and relaxed halo equips you with new energy, zeal and enthusiasm to your entire body parts. Away from the hustle and bustle of the city your mind and soul rests here in the lap of natural beauty. Encounter with the vibrant bees and chirping of birds will take you the unique natural wonder of the earth.
Journey Guide To Sundarbans National Park
Waterways are the best way to explore the deep interior of the jungle if you want to get the real essence of the natural beauty of the Sundarbans National Park. Catch the glimpses of the countryside on the either side of the river. You may not see the whole area in one day so a night halt is a good option. Now enjoy motor launches halt at a dark place with strange sound all around. Do not scare and instead of romancing the dark night at Sunderbans.
How to reach Sundarbans National Park
Sundarbans Distance By Road: you are suppose travel from Kolkata to Gosaba(around three hours of journey), take a boat from Godkhali Port to Sajnekhali(two hours).
Sunderbans Distance By Train: Board the local trains from Sealdah(South) for Canning as they are available at regular intervals. It takes about one and half hours to reach the starting point of your boat journey to the Sundraban i.e. Godhkhali.
The MB Sundari
This meticulously maintained and charming river launch is an experience in itself. This self-contained floating abode can sleep eight in comfort. The bathrooms are fully equipped with running water and showers. Complete electricity back-up is provided. The kitchen serves delicious Indian and western meals. You sit in the canopied upper-deck on comfortable chairs and watch the wonders of the Sunderbans go by.