Dudhwa National Park or the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve residing the areas of Lakhimpur & Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh, lying adjacent to the Indo-Nepal border bringing together two most incredible sanctuaries of the area namely, Kishanpur and Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuaries to represent the excellent natural forests and greenery along the Terai region.
The Kishanpur Sanctuary lies in the Lakhimpur- Kheri and Shahajahanpur districts in Uttar Pradesh.Spreading across an expanse of 811 sq km beholding the nature lovers with marshes, grasslands and dense forests, the area is actually meant for tremendous counts of Swamp Deer and Tigers species. The area of the Park is composed of a vast alluvial plain along the tributaries of Mohana and Suheli, interspersed with numerous rivulets, lakes and pools.
Spreading across an expanse of 811 sq km beholding the nature lovers with marshes, grasslands and dense forests, the area is actually meant for tremendous counts of Swamp Deer and Tigers species. The area of the Park is composed of a vast alluvial plain along the tributaries of Mohana and Suheli, interspersed with numerous rivulets, lakes and pools. The rich and extremely fertile Indo-Gangetic plains support a flamboyant growth of forests diversity of fauna. The park has some of the best forests of 'Sal' tree in the world, amongst other flora; and is a virtual unexplored paradise for nature lovers, wildlife enthusiasts and bird watchers.
Dudhwa attracts the visitors with its two core area as Dudhwa National Park and Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary which are separated by each other with an area of 15 kms agricultural land. Unlike other celebrity parks of India like Corbett, Kaziranga, Bandhavgarh etc, the uncommercialized ambience of this park makes it an ideal habitat for the wild creatures to find nature's serenity & comfortability in a more natural way.
HistoryThe Post-Independence era witnessed tremendous encroachment towards the Dudhwa jungle. As a result the forest was converted in an agricultural land. Additionally, due to its location on the Indo-Nepal border the chances of poaching and hunting enhanced to greater extent and the trading of the wild animals increased to a massive extent who sell their products in Nepal, which being a tourist place gives them a huge market for these things.
It was the perfect money-making place for the poachers but it was "Billy" Arjan Singh whose single handed efforts made this park to reach at its richness. The great conservationist initiated an idea of converting this land into a wildlife sanctuary in the year 1965 and thus received a lot of appraisal from the wildlife conservationists and wildlife lovers across the world.
In 1977, Arjan Singh approached the erstwhile prime minister, Indira Gandhi to declare the forest as a National park. In 1984-85, seven rhinos were relocated from Assam and Nepal to Dudhwa to rehabilitate a rhino population which lived here 150 years ago. Four years later, it was declared a Tiger Reserve under the Project Tiger and currently is a major habitat for tigers in India.
Dudhwa being spread over an expanse of approximately 811 sq km of marshes, grasslands and dense forests, is an ideal and protected home for over 38 species of mammals, 16 species of reptiles and numerous species of birds.
Tiger, Rhinoceros, Swamp deer, Elephant, Sambar, Hog deer, Cheetal, Kakar, Wild pig, Rhesus monkey, Langur, Sloth bear, Blue bull, Porcupine, Otter, Turtles, Python, Monitor lizard, Mugger, Gharial etc.
Of the nearly 1300 birds found in the Indian subcontinent, over 450 species can be seen in Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. These include Hornbill, Red Jungle Fowl, Pea fowl, Bengal Florican, Fishing eagle, Bengal Florican, Serpent eagle, Osprey, Paradise flycatcher, Woodpeckers, Shama, Indian Pitta, Orioles, Emerald dove etc. During winter the vastand varied water bodies attract a large variety and number of migratory birds making the reserve a favorite haunt of bird watchers.
Safari in Dudhwa Tiger Reserve
Safari in Dudhwa is the best option for wildlife lovers to catch the amazing species of the dense ambiance. A jeep safari in Dudhwa could prove as the perfect option for a wildlife safari. But for the sake of information and convenience, it is to remind that the forest officials do not provide any jeep safari or guides for assistance. One has to arrange privately for safari conveyance. Elephant rides through the Park are also offered and the mahouts or Elephant drivers also act as guides.
Safari Timing : -
Daily jeep safaris in Open 4WD safari vehicles, 7:00 AM to 10:00 AM and 3:00 PM to 6:00 PM.
Park Opening Time : -
(Nov till May) the best time to visit the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is from February to April. You can also visit during mid November to mid June.
Jeep Safari Zones
This National Park is divided into 5 Zones:
Dudhwa Safari Zone :
This zone is famous among tourists for its beautiful and open grasslands, Excellent Tiger, and Asiatic Elephant Sightings as well.
Sonaripur Safari Zone :
This zone is famous for the One-Horned Rhino Sightings.
Kishanpur Safari Zone :
Kishanpur is another important tourism zone in the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, again for its Tigers and excellent Birding experience.
Katarniaghat Safari Zone :
This Zone is famous for its Tigers, Crocodiles, Dolphins, Boating, and Wild Grasslands.
Chuka Tiger Reserve :
Chuka, also known as the Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is also a part of Dudhwa.
Note : - Advance booking of Jeep Safari in Dudhwa National Park is available for Dudhwa Safari Zone, Sonaripur Safari Zone, Kishanpur Safari Zone, Katarniaghat Safari Zone and Chuka Tiger Reserve Zones. Jeep Safari charges isn't refundable, Advance need to be deposited with complete details of the persons. For advance booking Driving License/ Voter Id / Pan card is required during jeep safari. Maximum six persons are allowed in one jeep.
Flora & Fauna
The extensive grasslands, thick forests and wet marshes of the reserve inhabit over 350 species of birds, 37 species of mammals, and 16 species of reptiles.Itis home to a wide variety of endangered and rare species that comprise swamp deer, tiger, leopard, elephant, jackal, civet, sloth bear, chital, sambar, fishing cat, rhinoceros, and hispid hare etc.
Park has a rich bird life, including the swamp florican, Bengal francolin and great slaty woodpecker. Other birds which are found here are painted storks, black and white necked storks, sarus cranes, woodpeckers, barbets, kingfishers, minivets, bee-eaters, bulbuls, hornbill, peafowl, fishing eagle, emerald dove, serpent eagle, orioles, red jungle fowl and many others.
It also has highly fascinating and unique herpeto fauna, represented by wide variety of species such as the Burmese rock python, the banded krait, paradise flying snake and the yellow speckled wolf-snake.
Frog Temple :
From Dudhwa national Park, the tourists can make a fine excursion towards the unique Frog Temple at Oel town which is 12 kms from Lakhimpur on the route from Lakhimpur to Sitapur. This is one of its kind of temple based on the Maduk Tantra and was built by the former king of Oel state during 1860-1870. The temple is actually dedicated to Lord Shiva and is believed to be built on the back of a large frog. The Temple is constructed within an octagonal lotus. The Shivling installed in the temple was brought from the Banasur Prati Narmdeshwar Narmada Kund. The architecture of this temple is based on Tantra Vidya with its main gate opening in the east and another gate in the south as an exit.
Surat Bhawan Palace :
Built in 1894, the Surat Bhawan Palace near Dudhwa National Park is made in Indo-Sarasenic style and is composed of ten bedrooms, one large dining room with pantry and two lounges. The palace set in a large green, nine acre retreat is eight kms away from the park with its eastern entrance facing the reserve.
Summers (March to May)
Summers are hot with temperatures rising up to 45 °C. Loo (hot dry wind) is prevalent in from mid April to end of May.
Monsoons (mid-June to September)
There are heavy rains during monsoons hence the park remains closed.
Winters (mid-October to mid-March)
Average temperature is around 20 and 30 °C with minimum temperature dropping to 0°C in late December and January.
During the summer months, tourists should preferably carry light cotton clothes. In the winter season people are suggested to carry light woolen during November and February and heavy woolen clothes in December and January.
Access to Dudhwa
By Air :
Lucknow is the nearest airport at a distance of 238 km.
By Rail :
Dudhwa Railway station at a distance of 4 km is the nearest railhead. It is well-connected to Lucknow and Nainital via Mailani (37 km.) on the meter gauge. Another option is to undertake a 301 km. the journey from Delhi to Shahjahanpur by rail, and then proceed by road to Dudhwa, which is another 107 km.
By Road :
The nearest town is Palia at a distance of 5 kilometers which is linked to Lucknow directly from the distance of 238 km. UPSRTC and private buses ply between Palia and Lakhimpur-Kheri, Shahjahanpur, Bareilly (260 km.) and Delhi (430 km).
Hotels in/around Dudhwa Tiger Reserve
Dudhwa Tiger Reserve which is quite closer to the city of the Nawabs- Lucknow provides an ample amount of reasons for staying in this region. The other major attractions also allure the tourists to spread their magnanimous moods during their stay in this region. And the provision of different hotels & resorts makes the journey more wonderful at its excellent level. Not so far away from the city's crowd, the accommodation options are accosted with beneficiary services and luxury amenities. Find the best one that suits your needs and enhances your pleasure during your stay in the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve area.
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